Second language learning and home language
Acknowledging and incprporating the use of Home Language enhances the learning of an additional language. Jim Cummins is a well known academic in this area and writes on this topic. In all classrooms there will be students with a home language other than English. These students' facility with Standard Australian English (SAE) will vary, however, all bilingual or multilingual students' by the acknowledgement of and access to learning through their home language as they learn English. In multilingual classes (including those with monolingual English language speakers, all students will benefit by exposure to the other languages spoken by their peers.
Reading: Value of L1 literacy in acheiving L2 literacy
Reading: BICS and CALP explained 2
The Bilingual Brain an audio file available as a podcast from www.abc.net.au, is a delightful insight into the thinking of bilingual/multilingual children and the facts of multilingualism in Australia.
Teaching The Elements of Language
You will find here a downloadable version of a scope and sequence for teaching the SOUNDS of Standard Australian English (that is the LISTENING AND PRONUNCIATION exercises in WTT, or to include in your general lesson plans in any curriculum area) . This scope and sequence example is based on the familiar and unfamiliar sounds of students who speak TIWI as a first language. You may be able to research the sound system of the home language(s) of your students to create a similar scope and sequence. This scope and sequence will act as a guide in this process. Please note that this is still in production (from Year 7 onwards).
Teaching the sounds of English - draft March 08
The following article by Helen Fraser explains some of the implications of teaching Pronunciation to learners of English as an additional Language.
Pronunciation - paper by Helen Fraser
Strategies that facilitate Second Language Development
The following two artilces are useful for Professional Development/Learning Together Sessions at your school (times when teachers and other classroom personnel get together to learn more about teaching).
Learning Together 3 Effective Language Practices for bilingual learners
Learning Together 4 Oslo paperGenres and Indigenous learners